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tv   Geraldo at Large  FOX News  September 13, 2010 5:00am-6:00am EDT

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we design our drugs to attacks mutation changes. >> i see more promise to advance this disease than i've seen in
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the last 35 or so years. a>> in 1971 feigned ago cure fr cancer seemed possible. 40 years later the disease continues to be devastating. >> seeking a cure for cancer in our time. [ applause ] it'sncer is scary and challenging. it is threatening. >> i used to haven a lesion righthere on the side of the
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neck. people couldn't see it. >> it absolutely changes a person's life when they receive the >> i was swollen up so bad because of the tumor. i was barely able to walk. >> having to tell my children was vy, very difficult. >> it's your worst might mere. >> cancer isesn't like any disee we've ever faced, it's hundreds. >>. >> 40 years ago we knew so little about cancer doctors were hesitant to tell the deadly diagnosis. >> today it's no longer a dream to win the war because treatments are targeted to specific tumors. >> it's here in where they are surgically removed. that is the best case scenario for getting rid of cancer but with new radiation techniques and chemotherapy patients are living longer than ever before. in this special, patients and doctors will share their stories of strength and hope in their
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everyday battle with this dely b disease. >> it will be impossible to answer all your questions in this hour,o be sure to check fox news for more information. we begin with, melamoma, the diagnosis has doubled over the last 30 years. now, a remarkable treatment is saving lives. why it's taking so ltong just to get to this point. the difficulties associated with cancer have to do with the complex it of the disease. it made more complex that cancer is something of an organism itself. >> at the national cancer institute, deputy director is working to accelerate cancer research. >> i think at this juncture i see more promise, advances against the visa than i've seen in the last 35 or so years.
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>> cancer suddenly becomes dangerous and you feel hopeless because y don't have confid ience because you can't control it. >> i think of cancer as insidious. >> tyler and phil are molecular biologists. >> our effortsver the last 35 years is to define the nature of the difference between normal cells and cancer cells. >> away we are learning that the process is ever changing and the cancer is evolving so it develops new capabilities and avoid our efforts to control it. >> cells in o bodies grow, divide and die and ongoing natural process. >> replace your bones in seven years or something like that, all those cells are being produced. >> for one reason or another, some ofse those genes drive the
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development>> of cancer. >> it's a random event. one in every two to three americans now alive will develop evasiveancer. now one in five of americans alive will die of cancer if we don't find a better way to treat it. >> steven rosenberg is chief scientist in ci. he was astonished on a gallbladder on a man who 12 years previously had been diagnosed with cancer in many parts of his body. >> all the cancer had mysteriously disappeared. somehw his body had rejected that. cancer. spontaneous regression is one of rarest events of all of medicine. >> determining to replicate this in his laboratory he has had remarkable success in the most serious form of skin cancer. >> when you came here you hadmoa tumor in a variety of typesin
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the brain and had in the leg. >> it was tough. >> each of the patients that have melanoma, they come here to the national cancer institute because there are no other treatments available. >> her leg was in contracted position like this. about a mth ago she was placed -- >> i walked down and ran down. >> melanoma is a devastating cancer. it starts in black molegs in the skin that normal adult has about 40, most are benign but sometimes they can turn malignant. when it happens, it's virtually impossible to cure those patients using standard treatment. our treatment we want to develop immuno therapy so the body can
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reject the cancer. >> i had tumors all over the body that i could feel. i would feel those just like going away. >> we've isolated iune cells or cells. the tum identified the ones that have the most reactist against the cancer andec then selectively expanded them in culture. >> there are millions and of cells is that are growing in each one of these bags. tsere the cells we grew from the tumor that we kick out. you can imagine those cells chewing up that tumor. >> when the treatment works, it can work very quickly but it doesn't work in everybody. right now the particular treatment we're using causes a substantial cancer regression in about half of all the patients w've treated. >> it was 80% tumor reduction in one month. very impressive. >> any side effects? >>o, i feel great. >> it gives you goose pimples to see them shrinking down.
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>> on the other hand you go into the next room and there is one the patients that didn't respond. frankly those are thete ones i tend to think about when ike lie awake at night. it's a roller coaster. it's a terrible tragedy for atients whom it doesn't work. >> as clinic trialsontinue, he hopes t imuno therapy will work for other cancers, as well. >> i see one of most exciting developments in the treatment of cancer. >> coming up patients and doctors on cancer treatments today. the rig treatment for the
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when the diagnosi of cancer the immediate reaction is fear and living with cancer requires an heroic effort for doctors, patients and even their families. ♪ >> they realized how precious their life is after their mother was treated for sarcoma a deadly form of cancer. >> there was a real good chance of coming back. >> if it does come back she is in for hell of a fight. >> it turned out i had a tumor and it wasn't a few provided. >> the word cancer is what really scared me. >> before their mom's cancer
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diagnosis, vicky knew all about life's challenges after losing their brother to ms, a disease they talk about every day. the brothers decided to name their banda fragile tomorrow because they believe in living for today. >> we're going to have a an appreciation for life, tomorrow is not guaranteed. >> access to quality care is giving vicky a chance at a longer life. >> if she had bent operated on he might not have had the right operation. >> dr. elizabeth pointer only treatments patients with gein logical cancer. there are no oncologists where vicky lives. >> i got a call from my colleagues and we're going to take out this fib wroid and woud like to have you involved because of this. so instead of comintog the city she had had surgery in a timely
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fashion. it's a sarcomahich is usual type of uterine cancer. we gave one shot, better make sure that is the right treatment. >> dr. point ser doing more than saving lives. she is increasing accessibili and awareness. >> an obgyy was asked to help. >> it was far beyond our skills. >> the doctor saved my life. >> we're always on the job as surgeons. >> dr. richard shapiro is a breast cancer surgeon at the cancer institute. he is also married to dr. pointer. >> my wife is always on the job. >> i think that is what we do as citizens. >> they don't just treat the tumor but the entire patient and the specific biology.
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part of the concept of personal medicine and targeted treatment. n is a specially focused on this trend. >> targeted therapy is the ability to disrupt the cancer sell and only the cancer cell and cut down on the damage. >>f the evolutin of targeting the tumor first appeared for breast cancer. >> the woman would have a lump, there was no minimal evasive techniques but the woman wou not know whether to wake up with part o h breast or no breast at all. >> there is a medical revolution. what we do now comp ared to what we did ten years ago is completely different. >> the good news, your last treatment. >> oncologist amy fearson targets drugs against the cancer growth.
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unfortunately there is no targeted teatment for vicky's disease. but it may be a matter o time since science h already identified the molecules that feed cancers like breast, colon, liver and link. >> we're understanding more and more what makes a cancer sell tick and what ms it grow. vicky is being treated wit traditional chemotherapy. >> headaches were bad. >> the chemotherapy gives her the very best chance she doesn't get it aga. >> conventional drugs are toxic which means they have harsh side effects. m>> it's responsible for my har loss. >> we look at cancer now as more something you can survive. we treat it more as a chronic disease. >> we are making progress very slowly. we want a happy ending but unfortunately it doesn't happen
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to everyone. >> i have had nights where i information had and turned. >> in terms of delivering the bad news is the hardest thing that we do. >> i think my boys, the mother can be teaching and next day she's got cancer. >> she's been through so much, she has lost a son, she has lost all her hair. you never know what is it going to happen tomorrow. >> you have control over your life today. you have to le for today. ♪ ♪ >> sometimes when we're talking about different things, is mom going to be okay -- you have to reassure them we're going to do everythg we can to keep her
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healthy. you're
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cancer has impacted nearly everyone and we are frustrated the billions of dollars spent on research there is still no one cure. critics say too much timend money have been wasted. investigative journalist clifton leaf on how we have fought the battle. he has been battling lymphoma and has been cancer free for 30 years. >> how do you get to the place where survival is measured in wks and days and months? rather than true change for the
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patient? >> seven years ago, he wrote the fortune magazine cover story, why were losing the war on cancer and how to win it., i >> you know, i don't want to take away the achievements that have been made.e i don't want to take away the hope that need it most. >> the national cancer institute focused on clinical research patient treatment and care. to answer the big questions, nci iawards grants to individual investigators. >> the nci rather being a management is an atm machine basically. its complicated process. i'm not suggesting their hea isn't in the right playing. there is no real leadership. >> high also points out the complication for grants, nci says it's changing. >> we're in a period where we
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really understand the genomes and all o the layers of complexy so ieat recalls team science. >> the human genome project is the largest single investigation project in modern science. today a gee no, ma'am atlas is being produced. >> biggest win for the aslas wet my start to define sub types of cancer. what a brain tumor is or ovarian cancer if we have a drug, we can treat you specifically. that is what we're talking about when we talk about personalized medicine. >> zoovgs like this are the aim of the new mitt cancer researc led by several doctors. >> it's designed to maximize interaction and facilitate collat
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engineering lab and common spaces and the interaction to stimulate the next idea. >>f you want to target arug to a cell you have to make something extremely small so it gets taken up by a cell. >> chemical engineer has been called the most prolific inventor. what he is investigating is nanotechnology. >> they can be injected into the bloodstream where you want them to go through. >> through collaboration, it may be realized tomorrow. >> the physics and quantum mechanics, discovered the electron. when they turned the electrone over to the engineers we got the information revolution. we got communication. >> it cosilt perhaps billion
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dollars. that is not much, that is just getting it developed and approved. >> ty looked at cost versus treatment. >> we're in pre-clinical tests but the ones that are approved barely nudge survival. >> while they increase survival time may not be immaterial presents i have the mechanism of action of these targeted drugs certainly is. instead of killing healthy and cancer cells, he goes after specific proteins. it stops from vital nutrients, in colon brain and kidney cancers but the cost versus analysis gets complicated when it's life versus death.ta >> when you start talking about treatment for a $100,000 or $20,000, it's enormous payment
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for what a clinical trial like a marginal life expense but some people benefitenormously on it. >> my view is we turned the corner on cancer. in 1971 we almost knew nothing but now we are seeing the payoffs in the investment. >> i think very frustrated that so much of the research in breast cancer is going into research on mice and rats and petri dishes. >> one of the problems is recruiting patients for callinil tris. that has been a mission for susan love. >> i asked one of my colleagues, why aren't you doinghis research on women. he saidomen are too messy. we can't control them. we can control rats, we can control what they do. so i almost said as an aside i know how to find women. >> i think one of the things
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that every three minutes somebody is diagnosed wh breast cancer. >> a four-year cancer survivor overse the cancer breast walk annually. >> crossing the finish line at the end of the second day is an amazing feeling. its personal sense of accomplishment. you just walked 40 miles and you raised all this money for ts cause. >> millions of dollars are raised to fund research and care and treatment but the most innovative treatment of avon fodation is partnership with susan love. >> we already have 320,000 women signed up. we've put 16 studies out and pretty much recruit people often in 24 hours. >> so the army of women was established, less than 5% of cancer patient took part in therapy. now thousands of women are
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committed to be in it to. >> coming up when patients face life or death treatment choices to do.'t know what where do they turn? we explain next.
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now back to wjs the war on cancer. there is so much information ou nt on cancer and with new studies out each day, it's confusing and critical decisions can be confusing. >> he came back with me for information about diagnostics and treatment that were out there that i knew nothing about. >> what can be done, butc it's catastrophic in treatment. >> my mission is to empower myt patient with information s they can makeio informed decisions. >> ken shuller is a patient advocate. his ability helped saved their
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lives. vivor also a cancer sur himself. >> joyce came to me after she completed chemotherapy and radiation and she wanted to know if there is anything else to do. >> six months they tell you, okay, fining on with your life and come inveryix sit months. it didn't seem enough. >> she wanted to make sure she was missing anything in her treatment. >> the first thing i i saw, shes triple negative. >> which means she had anyep receptors that heal most breast cancers. >> women who have triple negative oif cancer can often have a mutation, braca is a repair gene. when it on my tiats it can't repair anore. cancers develop. >> it's a scary piece of information to find out that y have this mutation.
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>> she said jew have a much, much higher incidence of braca mutation. i said to her, you absolutely have to get this test done. >> the test came positive but potentially made me believe there were a lot of proctive things i could do. >> so she had her ovaries removed and reduced her ris of ovarian cancer by 95% and secony breast cancer by 50%. >> now, everyone in thethfamily is face with the possibility that they might have this mutation. >> other members of the family carry the mutation too and will be monitored. >> pient advocates educate patients about information that turns their treatment into
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personalized medicine. it's no longer one size fits >> ken encourages patients to ask doctors to go through genetic testing. >> why? because there are gene assays thatif can intwth factors that could be fixed with various therapies. >> i was angry i had cancer. "was scared. >> lewis was dumbfounded when doctors told him had head rectal cancer. >> he was a marine and like a good soldier he was going to follow doctor's orders. >> they referred him to somebody i looked him up and they specialize in lung cancer. why are you going to him? >> prior to it, it lit up on an mri but the oncologist said he
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wasn't convinced so ken pushed everyone to look at the report together. >> he was very persistent about making sure that it wasn't just the hip diagnosis. >> the meeting was worth the time and the riologist changed it. >> oh, no, this is metastatic. >> they wanted to know more about what was spotted on his liver. he was invited forak the decision-making process. >> we need further imaging to see if there are lesions that spread. >> a leading liver liver surgeon at a top surgical center encouraged him to get a second opinion. >> i don't want to make a quick hastyen judgment that he needs surgery. >> i would say based on a story, this is likely to be a
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metastatic lesion. >> they discussed it on with thc surgeon. >> contrast that wit much more aggressive position of dr. fong at ketteri who says this is metastatic cancer in theiver. >> persist tenses paid off, it was much different from the first radiologist who reported that the lesions were not cancer. >> if surgery we need to exercise, it's surgery we do buv i want to have plenty of information. >> when colorectal cancer ma as the at this sizes it's 60%. >> 60% is not a good number to have stacked against i. >> i have done a lot of things in my life, in marine corps i jumped out of perfectly good airplanes and never been scared but this scared me.
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>> i think it's very hard for we ten to admit that they are scared. >> when i contacted you, it was like finding my compass, i had direction >> and imaging confirmed metastatic lesions giving 60% chance of recurring, he got the surgery.ts pathology reports shows that the lesions were, indeed, ghcancer. right now he is disease free. >> i just went along with the original diagnosis. >> the american cancer society, cancer net and cancer care help find cancer patients navigatorsu >> coming up a new approach for cancer treatment, integrative cancer medicine. it's not without consequences. that inext. ♪
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research and development of conventional cancer treatments is funded by the government, pharmaceutical companies and charities and others but little money has gone what is known as complimentary and alternative medicine. todaysha tt is changing as the national institutes of health investigate these treatments. >> millions of us know dr. andrew wile as conveying the benefits of eating organic food. >> omega fat si acids deficiency is most serious in our population and clearly a cancer risk. >> since the early '90s it has been known as developing the field o integrative medicine. ity train many physicians in first of all, it's about working
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with the body's own poteial for healing. >> integrative medicine combines con skrgs al and complimentary treatments when there is evidence of safety and effectiveness. it's all those therapies not taught in medical school. that is one piece. >> in the past ten years, there has been a change in the way ntthat conventional medicine is viewing the field. >> the director of integrative medical program at m.d. anderson cancer cenr in houston. ins 1997 they have been offering a range of complimentary therapies as well as support to standard treatment. >> there are a lot physicians some are kharl tans, peddling snake oil so to speak. >> we are taking a rational evidence approach, whether the mind body program is looking at neurological changes and what happens in our brains.
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>> my appetite is better. >> estell is receiving radiation treatment at m.d. anderson center and getting common side effects. >> there is many side effects where there can be nothing done. >> i asked my radiation dctor, do they have acupuncture and i could hav it. he said sure, you want it, no problem. i couldn't sleep well and i couldn't walk well. walking with a walker. the pains in the legs are 95% gone. >> if you ever rearch cancer therapies on the internet you find information about conventional treatment and sites touting alternative cures. >> i haven't seen anything out there that i would recommend to people. >> a celebrity who has been promoting alternative therapies.
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>> dr. steven novella is author of science based medicine. >> making claims when there is certain amount ceredibility, false credibility to their claims. >> suzanne somers recent book has many doctors upset inclumedg the american cancer society. >> one of the doctors i interviewed in my book, nickg gonzalez he has a total nutritional approach. >> do you kn any oncologist who can say -- >> they have essentially been saying using these detoxification treatments she was able to lick breast cancer, but if you read her book, she had standard surgical therapy. >> the national center for alternative medicine part of the national institute of health is investigating some popular but
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untested cancer therapies like energy healing. >> the ability of another energyual to transmit for healing purposes is very controversial. there hasn't been a lot of evidence to show that would have a dramatic impact on the health of another individual. with that said there are trials that is starting to come out and they are reporting beneficial outcomes. >>t mht have modest effect on pain relief but no effect on destroying tumors. >> it's truly unscientific. >> at m.d. andersonnt cancer center, a important clinical study looks how stress can impact cancer care. >> thet patient that is overdepressed don't lives long. we work very hard with our patients to try and inning core
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pretty different kind of mind body experience, such as yoga and meditation, ta-e chi and other forms of therapy. >> that is not to say if you relieve a the stress in your life, you will be cured ofr. cancer. it's a piece of the puzzle. >> the misleading piece of the puzzle also is using supplements >> the anti-oxidants, our body already makes very powerfulnt antioxidants and to trying to alter that balance by taking antioxidants. >> it's a pre-clinicalata suggests that antioxidants may
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protect cells and that is actually a good thing but balancing. there is other evidence that being it may actually increase the beneficial effect of chemotherapy. >> more than 80% of patients use the complimentary or alternative medical treatment but only half share that information with their oncology team. >> one of the reasons l is becae a lot ofealth care professionals don't know what to do when they pull out different bgies with herbs and supplements. >> that is why there is a need for integrative doctors. people are open-minded and and explain to peoe whyf this stuffnd is nonsense and potentially dangerous and what the litations are of conventional medicine and what can be done to improve outcome. >> the take away is, always talk to your doctors, ask questions and tell them what you are doing
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in your daily routine of diet and exercise. >> up next, cancer and environment, can the air and food and water you drink give you cancer? our full report next.
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many of the causes of cancer unknown. he is how to reduce your risk. don't smoke, don't smoke, don't smoke. there are simple things that everyone can do to reduce their risk of cancer. >> at least 50% if not close to 75% of cancer has developed because of inappropriate diet
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and lifestyle. 30% due to smoking. >> in general,ancer is a disease of old people, it's an age-related disease. one reason is because we have higher percentage of old people in our population than ever before. > vaccines have been developed for two kinds of cancer.en genetics play a role in 10% of the cases. we can't control what we inher rom our parents but we can have a healthy diet and regular exercise but nothing is guaranteed. >> i think when you look at diseases or conditions that have increased dramatically in a relatively short perd of time, like one or two generations, things don't change that rapidly. it on has to be changes inur oon environment. >> linda isocused on
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environmental factors. the more than 80,000 man made chemicals created in the last 50 years. >> there are my kind of exposure which we have some concern. we all know that air pollution can affect our health. we know that water pollution can be a problem if we don't have safe drinking water. we know there can be contaminants in our food which can cause problems for our health. many of these chemicals, we're finding them in everybody. some condemnation are present in personal products, cosmetics. some chemicals are present in the bottles or the cans and getting into our food. >> in the news lately, bisnala that are in many products, low lefltsz of bpa are found in over 90% of americans urine and bpa
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is found in the umbilical cord connectingother and fetus. >> there is whol range ofun compounds in the envt aironment that are suspect, the so-called endocrine disrupteders. a lot of those products, pesticides. i recmend going to a website. environmental working group. they have foods and cosmetic products. you can look up sunscreen. >> fda's job is to protect the public. if there are any ambiguities for toxicity the onus on fdar is err on the side of safety. >> they list chemicalti ingredients in cosmetics and links to cancer. >> this, indeed, is an agent, it's found to be carcinogenic. >> there are a kinds of
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ingredients in our products. some of them may be carcinogenic but the farce they are like that in mice in a petri dish doesn't mean they will be carcinogenic in people. >> they have been critical with avon. >> i think she should make a public apology. tens of thousands of women's to ingredients in which there is a oxicity. when it comes to products you put on the skin, it goes into the bloodstream and bypass the liver and gs through the body. there is nobility in decefense mechanisms. >> when you look atthaces where there is a lot of pollution, china, for example, they don't have as much breast cancer ase do. when you look at people that
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people that wear makeup and doesn't have a high level of breast cancer. i want to study it. >> more research is needed. that is conclusion of the recent scientific statements and the recommendation of the annual report ofhe cancer panel. >> that some of thesereviously c considered chemicals may in fact may be disrupting our hormone systems and doing it as extremely low doses. we know the greatest risk for wen related to breastancer that a lifetime exposure to estrogen. we know that male hormones can be relroated to prostate cancer. it's not surprising that lifetime exposure to these chemicals may be related to cancer. >> they crime they are testing the chemicals to be safe. the doctor says there are simple reasons why the test results are at odds. >> very different strains of
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animals and different ap approaching. >> the doctor's lab joins a missn to going through the conflicting information. we know cancer is a daunting topic but we hope you have a better perspective on this complicated disease. >> check our webtte. the doctor and i will post the latest information that we know will help in the battle against cancer. ñ÷am my nasal allergies are ruining our camping trip.w
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>> good morning, everyone. monday, september 13, 2010. i'm gretchen carlson. thanks for sharing your time today. has prident oba put republicans in a compromising position when it comes to raising taxes? l well, hose minority leader john boehner now says he could be ready to make a deal. >> meanwhile, the imam behind the ground zero mosque now admits the location, probably a bad idea. >> i would never have done it. i'm a man of peace. i mean, the whole objective of peace rk is not to do something that would provoke controversy. >> that's right. so the question ise will he change his mind and move that


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